Showing posts with label United Nations. Show all posts
Showing posts with label United Nations. Show all posts

Friday, October 25, 2013

United Nations: Disarmament Commission
Civilian Weapon Confiscation Study Group





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Nations Unies                                              United Nations
UNODA
United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs


A/CN.11/L.72
Distr.: Restricted
5 August 2013
Original: English

Disarmament Commission – Civilian Weapon Confiscation Study Group

New York, 29-31 July 2013

The issue of military grade weaponry in the hands of civilians looms ever larger in the face of the global implementation of 22/Agenda 21 by member nations. In particular, the United States of America by an estimated 500 million weapons in the hands of its civilian population. This is not just a static problem, it is a massive dynamic problem for the process of confiscation as there will be those who refuse to surrender their firearms.

The conclusion of discussions by the CWCSG led to the adoption of a proposed agenda to begin the process for introducing to member nations a framework by which they can begin codification of national laws to disarm civilians within their borders through a graduated process.

Within the discussion framework, we have identified several problem areas that must be addressed, they are:
  1. Classification of military grade weapons to be made illegal for possession.

  2. Creation of programs to provide reasonable compensation for voluntary surrender of said arms.

  3. Codification of laws to beging the restriction of strict licensing of said arms.

  4. Codification of laws to begin the restricting of and strict licensing of concealable firearms.

  5. Codification of laws to restrict the sale of, and possession of ammunition and components to manufacture ammunition.

  6. Finally, codification of laws to completely make any and all firearms illegal to own, possess or use outside of military and law enforcement usage.

  7. Creation of a United Nations Police Taskforce with the specific mission of assisting member nations with the collection of weaponry from civilian hands.
The CWCSG will submit its findings and final recommendations once we have created the codification framework for member nations for a full review by the Office of Secretary General.

12-53542 (E) 091012







Sunday, December 30, 2012

NEW UN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES EFFECTIVE 12/31/12

This information was posted at the United Nations, all rates show are in reference to the US Dollar.  


UN Operational Rates
United Nations Treasury
Country Currency Code Currency
Effective Date
Operational Rate
Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghani AFN 12/31/12 0:00 52.05
Albania Albania Lek(e) ALL 12/31/12 0:00 105
Algeria Algerian Dinar DZD 12/31/12 0:00 78.08
American Samoa US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Andorra Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Angola Angolan Kwanza AOA 12/31/12 0:00 95.57
Anguilla E.C. Dollar XCD 8/2/95 0:00 2.7
Antigua and Barbuda E.C. Dollar XCD 8/2/95 0:00 2.7
Argentina Argentine Peso ARS 12/31/12 0:00 4.91
Armenia Armenian Dram AMD 12/31/12 0:00 403.4
Aruba Aruban Guilder AWG 6/15/96 0:00 1.79
Australia Australian Dollar AUD 12/31/12 0:00 0.965
Austria Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Manat AZN 11/2/12 0:00 0.785
Bahamas Bahamian Dollar BSD 2/25/94 0:00 1
Bahrain Bahraini Dinar BHD 11/2/12 0:00 0.377
Bangladesh Bangladesh Taka BDT 12/31/12 0:00 79.5
Barbados Barbados Dollar BBD 8/1/08 0:00 2
Belarus Belarussian Ruble BYR 12/31/12 0:00 8540
Belgium Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Belize Belize Dollar BZD 12/14/05 0:00 2
Benin CFA Franc XOF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Bermuda Bermuda Dollar BMD 3/16/94 0:00 1
Bhutan Bhutan Ngultrum BTN 12/31/12 0:00 54.93
Bolivia Bolivia Boliviano BOB 11/2/12 0:00 6.96
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Convertible Mark BAM 12/31/12 0:00 1.475
Botswana Botswana Pula BWP 12/31/12 0:00 7.65
Brazil Brazilian Real BRL 12/31/12 0:00 2.053
Brunei Brunei Dollar BND 12/31/12 0:00 1.222
Bulgaria Bulgarian Lev BGN 12/31/12 0:00 1.475
Burkina Faso CFA Franc XOF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Burundi Burundi Franc BIF 12/31/12 0:00 1527
Cambodia Cambodian Riel KHR 12/31/12 0:00 3965
Cameroon CFA Franc XAF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Canada Canadian Dollar CAD 12/31/12 0:00 0.993
Canary Islands Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Cape Verde Cape Verde Escudo CVE 12/31/12 0:00 83.14
Cayman Islands Cayman Is. Dollar KYD 8/1/12 0:00 0.82
Central African Republic CFA Franc XAF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Chad CFA Franc XAF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Chile Chilean Peso CLP 12/31/12 0:00 470
China Chinese Renminbi CNY 12/31/12 0:00 6.235
Colombia Colombian Peso COP 12/31/12 0:00 1771
Comoros Comoros Franc KMF 12/31/12 0:00 370.944
Congo CFA Franc XAF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo Franc, Dem. Rep.of CDF 12/31/12 0:00 928
Cook Islands New Zealand Dollar NZD 12/31/12 0:00 1.222
Costa Rica Costa Rica Colon CRC 12/31/12 0:00 493.1
Cote d'Ivoire CFA Franc XOF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Croatia Croatia Kuna HRK 11/2/12 0:00 5.782
Cuba Cuban Peso CUP 11/1/95 0:00 1
Cyprus Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Czech Republic Czech Koruna CZK 12/31/12 0:00 18.89
D.P.R of Korea Korean Won, North Korea KPW 12/31/12 0:00 98.95
Denmark Danish Krone DKK 12/31/12 0:00 5.621
Djibouti Djibouti Francs DJF 2/1/01 0:00 177
Dominica E.C. Dollar XCD 8/2/95 0:00 2.7
Dominican Republic Dominican Peso DOP 12/31/12 0:00 39.85
East Timor US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Ecuador US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Egypt Egyptian Pound EGP 12/31/12 0:00 6.188
El Salvador El Salvador Colon SVC 12/31/00 0:00 8.75
Equatorial Guinea CFA Franc XAF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Eritrea Eritrea Nakfa ERN 6/30/07 0:00 15
Estonia Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Ethiopia Ethiopian Birr ETB 12/31/12 0:00 18.11
Fiji Fiji Dollar FJD 12/31/12 0:00 1.74
Finland Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
France Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
French Guiana Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
French Polynesia CFP Franc XPF 12/31/12 0:00 89.976
Gabon CFA Franc XAF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Gambia Gambian Dalasi GMD 12/1/12 0:00 30
Georgia Georgian Lari GEL 12/31/12 0:00 1.641
Germany Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Ghana Ghana Cedi GHS 12/31/12 0:00 1.899
Greece Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Greenland Danish Krone DKK 12/31/12 0:00 5.621
Grenada E.C. Dollar XCD 8/2/95 0:00 2.7
Guadeloupe Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Guam US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Guatemala Guatemala Quetzal(es) GTQ 12/31/12 0:00 7.95
Guinea Guinean Franc GNF 12/31/12 0:00 7055
Guinea-Bissau CFA Franc XOF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Guyana Guyana Dollar GYD 10/1/12 0:00 202.5
Haiti Haiti Gourde HTG 12/31/12 0:00 42.85
Honduras Honduras Lempira HNL 12/31/12 0:00 19.94
Hong Kong HongKong Dollar HKD 12/31/12 0:00 7.752
Hungary Hungary Forint HUF 12/31/12 0:00 219
Iceland Iceland Krona ISK 12/31/12 0:00 127.5
India Indian Rupee INR 12/31/12 0:00 54.93
Indonesia Indonesia Rupiah IDR 12/31/12 0:00 9728
Iran Iranian Rial IRR 12/31/12 0:00 24296
Iraq Iraqi Dinar IQD 3/1/10 0:00 1170
Ireland Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Israel Israel Shekel ILS 12/31/12 0:00 3.722
Italy Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Jamaica Jamaican Dollar JMD 12/31/12 0:00 92.85
Japan Japanese Yen JPY 12/31/12 0:00 86.07
Jordan Jordanian Dinar JOD 11/2/12 0:00 0.708
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Tenge KZT 10/1/12 0:00 150
Kenya Kenyan Shilling KES 12/31/12 0:00 85.9
Kiribati Australian Dollar AUD 12/31/12 0:00 0.965
Kuwait Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 10/1/12 0:00 0.281
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Som KGS 12/31/12 0:00 47.35
Lao, People's Dem. Rep. Laos Kip LAK 12/31/12 0:00 7971
Latvia Latvian Lats LVL 12/31/12 0:00 0.525
Lebanon Lebanese Pound LBP 12/31/12 0:00 1499
Lesotho Lesotho Loti LSL 12/31/12 0:00 8.491
Liberia Liberian Dollar LRD 9/1/12 0:00 73.5
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libyan Dinar LYD 12/31/12 0:00 1.25
Liechtenstein Swiss Franc CHF 12/31/12 0:00 0.911
Lithuania Lithuania Litas LTL 12/31/12 0:00 2.602
Luxembourg Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Macao Macao Pataca MOP 12/31/12 0:00 7.984
Madagascar Malagasy Ariary, Madagascar MGA 12/31/12 0:00 2258
Malawi Malawi Kwacha MWK 12/31/12 0:00 334.06
Malaysia Malaysia Ringgit MYR 12/31/12 0:00 3.059
Maldives Maldives Rufiyaa MVR 6/1/11 0:00 15
Mali CFA Franc XOF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Malta Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Marshall Islands US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Martinique Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Mauritania Mauritania Ouguiya MRO 12/31/12 0:00 303.76
Mauritius Mauritius Rupee MUR 12/31/12 0:00 30.3
Mexico Mexican Peso MXN 12/31/12 0:00 12.81
Micronesia US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Monaco Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Mongolia Mongolia Tugrik MNT 12/31/12 0:00 1396
Montenegro Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Montserrat E.C. Dollar XCD 8/2/95 0:00 2.7
Morocco Morocco Dirham MAD 12/31/12 0:00 8.411
Mozambique Mozambique Metical MZN 12/31/12 0:00 29
Myanmar Myanmar Kyat MMK 12/31/12 0:00 854.5
Namibia Namibia Dollar NAD 12/31/12 0:00 8.491
Nauru Australian Dollar AUD 12/31/12 0:00 0.965
Nepal Nepalese Rupee NPR 12/31/12 0:00 87.9
Netherlands Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles Guilder ANG 8/3/95 0:00 1.79
New Caledonia CFP Franc XPF 12/31/12 0:00 89.976
New Zealand New Zealand Dollar NZD 12/31/12 0:00 1.222
Nicaragua Nicaragua Cordoba Oro NIO 12/31/12 0:00 24.17
Niger CFA Franc XOF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Nigeria Nigeria Naira NGN 12/31/12 0:00 156.9
Niue New Zealand Dollar NZD 12/31/12 0:00 1.222
Northern Mariana Islands US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Norway Norwegian Krone NOK 12/31/12 0:00 5.562
Oman Oman Rial OMR 11/2/12 0:00 0.385
Pakistan Pakistani Rupee PKR 12/31/12 0:00 97.58
Palau, Republic of US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Panama Panama Balboa PAB 2/25/94 0:00 1
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Kina PGK 12/1/12 0:00 2.02
Paraguay Paraguay Guarani PYG 12/31/12 0:00 4250
Peru Peru Nuevo Sol PEN 12/31/12 0:00 2.55
Philippines Philippine Peso PHP 12/31/12 0:00 41.1
Poland Poland Zloty PLN 12/31/12 0:00 3.068
Portugal Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Puerto Rico US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Qatar Qatari Rial QAR 12/31/12 0:00 3.639
Republic of Korea Korean Won, South Korea KRW 12/31/12 0:00 1072
Republic of Moldova Moldovan Leu MDL 12/31/12 0:00 12.02
Republic of Yemen Yemeni Rial YER 12/1/12 0:00 214.86
Reunion Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Romania Romanian Leu RON 12/31/12 0:00 3.334
Russian Federation Russian Rouble RUB 12/31/12 0:00 30.24
Rwanda Rwanda Franc RWF 12/31/12 0:00 630.37
Saint Helena St.Helena Pound SHP 12/31/12 0:00 0.619
Saint Kitts and Nevis E.C. Dollar XCD 8/2/95 0:00 2.7
Saint Lucia E.C. Dollar XCD 8/2/95 0:00 2.7
Samoa Samoa Tala WST 12/31/12 0:00 2.2
San Marino Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Sao Tome & Principe Sao Tome Principe Dobra STD 12/31/12 0:00 18497
Saudi Arabia Saudi Riyal SAR 8/3/95 0:00 3.75
Senegal CFA Franc XOF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Serbia Serbian Dinar RSD 12/31/12 0:00 85.45
Seychelles Seychelles Rupee SCR 12/31/12 0:00 12.75
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Leone SLL 10/1/12 0:00 4300
Singapore Singapore Dollar SGD 12/31/12 0:00 1.222
Slovakia Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Slovenia Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Solomon Islands Solomon Is. Dollar SBD 12/31/12 0:00 7.3
Somalia Somali Shilling SOS 4/1/12 0:00 24300
South Africa South Africa Rand ZAR 12/31/12 0:00 8.491
South Sudan South Sudanese Pound SSP 12/31/12 0:00 3.05
Spain Euro EUR 12/31/12 0:00 0.754
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Rupee LKR 12/31/12 0:00 126.9
St. Vincent and the Grena E.C. Dollar XCD 8/2/95 0:00 2.7
Sudan Sudanese Pound SDG 12/31/12 0:00 5.969
Suriname Surinamese Dollar SRD 6/30/12 0:00 3.33
Swaziland Swaziland Lilangeni SZL 12/31/12 0:00 8.491
Sweden Swedish Krona SEK 12/31/12 0:00 6.488
Switzerland Swiss Franc CHF 12/31/12 0:00 0.911
Syrian Arab Republic Syrian Pound SYP 12/31/12 0:00 74.37
Tajikistan Tajikistan Somoni TJS 11/2/12 0:00 4.76
Tanzania, United Rep. of Tanzania Shilling TZS 12/31/12 0:00 1576
TFYR of Macedonia Macedonia Denar, the former Rep. of MKD 12/31/12 0:00 46.86
Thailand Thai Baht THB 12/31/12 0:00 30.64
Togo CFA Franc XOF 12/31/12 0:00 494.592
Tokelau Islands New Zealand Dollar NZD 12/31/12 0:00 1.222
Tonga Tonga Pa'anga TOP 12/31/12 0:00 1.61
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Dollar TTD 12/1/12 0:00 6.37
Tunisia Tunisian Dinar TND 12/31/12 0:00 1.542
Turkey Turkish Lira TRY 12/31/12 0:00 1.79
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Manat TMT 1/1/09 0:00 2.85
Turks and Caicos Island US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Tuvalu Australian Dollar AUD 12/31/12 0:00 0.965
Uganda Uganda Shilling UGX 12/31/12 0:00 2652
Ukraine Ukraine Hryvnia UAH 12/31/12 0:00 7.93
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Dirham AED 8/1/12 0:00 3.673
United Kingdom U.K. Pound GBP 12/31/12 0:00 0.619
United States of America US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Uruguay Uruguay Peso UYU 12/31/12 0:00 19.04
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Sum UZS 12/31/12 0:00 1980
Vanuatu Vanuatu Vatu VUV 12/31/12 0:00 86.37
Venezuela Venezuela Bolivar Fuerte VEF 12/31/12 0:00 4.289
Viet Nam Viet Nam Dong VND 12/31/12 0:00 20818
Virgin Islands (UK) US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Virgin Islands (USA) US Dollar USD 12/20/95 0:00 1
Wallis & Futuna Islands CFP Franc XPF 12/31/12 0:00 89.976
Zambia Zambian Kwacha ZMK 12/31/12 0:00 5190